Difference Between On-Campus Education and Online Education

On-campus  education  vs. online education! Is one better than the other? Can one completely replace the other? Indeed it seems that online education is the way of the future. Educational institutions, corporations and government organizations alike already offer various forms of electronic teaching. However, can a computer truly replace a teacher and a blackboard?

How people learn

Each individual has a form of learning that suits them best. Some individuals achieve fantastic results in courses taught online, however most people drop out of 100% computer-led courses. Educational institutions, as well as companies in carrying out staff training, must recognize that there is no ideal way to carry out the teaching of a large group of individuals, and so must design programs that best suits the needs of the group as a whole.

People learn using multiple senses. This involves learning through both theoretical components of a course, as well as social interaction with both instructors and other students. Students learn from each other’s mistakes and successes, not just from what they are told by instructors.

Each individual student has an ideal learning pace. Instructors are therefore faced with the challenge of designing courses that move forward such that those students with a slower learning pace do not get left behind, while not moving so slowly that students with faster learning paces get bored.

Online education

In the age of high-speed information transfer, online education is becoming a popular and cheap means for delivering teaching to individuals outside the classroom, and in some cases all over the world. Teaching can be via CD, websites, or through real-time online facilities such as webcasts, webinars and virtual classrooms. However, different methods of online education each have their own advantages and disadvantages.

Online education is still a relatively new concept, and in many respects still in the teething stages. As such, various problems arrive across different online education environments. For example:

1. Lack of immediate feedback in asynchronous learning environments: While some online education environments such as webcasts, webinars and virtual classrooms operate live with the addition of an instructor, most do not. Teaching that is delivered through a CD or website, although having the advantage of being self-paced, provides no immediate feedback from a live instructor.

2. More preparation required on the part of the instructor: In an online education environment, an instructor can not simply stand in front of a whiteboard and deliver a class. Lessons in online education environments must be prepared ahead of time, along with any notes and instructions that may accompany the teaching.

In many cases it would also be necessary that the instructor not only understands the concepts being taught, but the technology used to deliver that teaching. This therefore increases the skill-levels needed of online education instructors, placing greater demand on educational institutions.

Staffing levels may also be higher for courses run in an online education environment, requiring for example:

The Instructor – able to teach both course content and be skilled in the use of technologies involved

The Facilitator – to assist the instructor in delivering content, but may do so remotely

Help Desk – to offer assistance to instructors, facilitators and students in the use of both software and hardware used to deliver the course.

3. Not all people are comfortable with online education: Education is no longer only sought by the world’s youth. With an increased trend towards adult and continuing education, there is a need to design courses suitable for students over a larger age-range, as well as students from different and varied backgrounds. It is difficult, however, to design online education environments suitable for everyone.

4. Increased potential for frustration, anxiety and confusion: In an online education environment, there are a greater number of parts making up the system that can fail. Server failures may prevent online courses from operating. Software based teaching applications may require other specific components to operate. Computer viruses may infect software necessary to run online education environments. If these systems are complex, students may choose the ease of On-campus  education  rather than taking the additional time and effort necessary to master the use of online education systems.

5. The Digital Divide: Many people who live in remote areas and developing countries do not have access to computers, making any form of online education virtually impossible. For this reason, online education is only able to be targeted at the people lucky enough to be able to take advantage of the technology involved. Similarly, offering live teaching across the world means that different time zones and nationalities increase the demand for multi-skilled instructors.

In addition to these, there are also several legal issues associated with maintaining an online education environment. For example, intellectual property laws, particularly those relating to copyright, may or may not fully cover electronically created intellectual property. For example, information on a website is not necessarily considered to be public domain, despite being available to everyone. However, the Australian Copyright Act was amended in 2001 to ensure that copyright owners of electronic materials, including online education environments, could continue to provide their works commercially.

On-Campus  Education 

Still the most common form of instruction is traditional classroom-style learning. These instructor-led environments are more personal than online education environments, and also have the advantage of allowing for immediate feedback both to and from student and teachers alike. However, the classroom allows for less flexibility than courses run in online education environments.

Instructors in modern classroom environments are still able to take advantage of several forms of electronic teaching tools while still maintaining the atmosphere associated with the traditional classroom environment. For example, PowerPoint slides can be utilized instead of a whiteboard or blackboard. Handouts can be distributed via course websites prior to the event. However, on the day, students are still able to actively participate in the lesson.

Like online  education  environments, On-campus  education  comes with certain drawbacks, the most common of which is the classroom itself. This requires a group of people which, in a university for example, could reach a few hundred people in size, to gather in the same place at the same time. This requires enormous time and financial commitment on behalf of both the students and the educational institution.

However, it is this sort of environment that is most familiar to students across the world. People of all ages can access a classroom environment feeling comfortable with the way that a classroom-run course is carried out. Older students who may not be comfortable with the use of information technology are not required to navigate their way through possibly complex online  education  environments, making On-campus  education  the most accessible form of teaching.

On-campus  education  has one advantage that 100% electronically delivered courses can not offer – social interaction. Learning comes from observing, not only what is written on a page or presented in a slideshow, but what is observed in others. Most students are naturally curious, and so will want to ask questions of their instructors. The classroom environment allows students to clarify what is being taught not only with their instructors, but with other students.

So, Which is Better?

There is no style of instruction that will best suit every student. Studies have shown (Can online  education  replace On-campus  education ) that courses where online  education  is used to complement On-campus  education  have proved more effective than courses delivered entirely using only one method. These courses take advantage of both online education materials and a live instructor, and have produced results higher than those of students in either 100% online education or classroom environment courses. Students have the advantage of the immediate feedback and social interaction that comes with the classroom environment, as well as the convenience of self-paced online education modules that can be undertaken when it best suits the student.

It would seem that online  education  environments will never completely replace On-campus  education . There is no “one size fits all” method of teaching. Teaching styles will continue to adapt to find the method that best fits the learning group. Using a mix of online education environments and classroom sessions, educational institutions, corporations and government organizations can ensure that training is delivered that is convenient and effective for both instructors and students alike.

Campus Based Disaster Management

The academe like the Nueva Vizcaya State University-Bambang Campus has a salient role in educating, re-orienting and redirecting the disaster risk management practices of its stakeholders to cope with the needs of this ever changing planet.

This paper discusses the goal of the university in building a culture of safety and preparedness by evaluating its disaster reduction and readiness (DRR) practices along the dimensions of (a) assessment and planning, (b) physical and environmental protection, and (c) response capacity. Having employed descriptive survey method and with the use of a valid and highly reliable questionnaire, brainstorming sessions, and unstructured interview with social studies major students, public administration students in both graduate and undergraduate levels, and coordinators of the Office of Student Affairs shows that there is a need to improve some concerns along assessment and planning like a well-research historical events and current scientific studies and consideration of all different hazards that could affect the campus in general.

In terms of environmental protection, consistent efforts to conserve water and energy are wanting, and efforts to reduce waste in the campus by reusing and recycling are on the alert level. Moreover, guidelines for disaster response and holding of post-disaster drills to practice safety skills with all staff and students at least twice a year are to be institutionalized.

Special and immediate attention should be given in the conduct of research on historical events and current scientific studies on the different hazards that could affect the campus. Moreover, the need to have evacuation plans including safe assembly areas, evacuation routes, safe havens and alternatives, and buddy system is deemed urgent; and these plans should be shared with the nearest police, fire and hospital officials and established communication and understanding in advance of emergency situations.The buildings in the campus has been checked by local fire department for fire safety, and in case of earthquake and windstorm, they have fastened tall and heavy furniture, secured computers, televisions and other electronic equipments, hazardous materials, water tanks, roof elements, railings and parapets, storage tanks and other items that could kill, injure or impair educational continuity. Moreover, in case of flood, landslide and typhoon, we know about early warning systems in-use in their community and have plans to respond to these in order to move people and assets to safety.

However, there is a need to enhance fire prevention measures and the provision of response tools such as fire alarms, fire hoses, fire extinguishers, buckets of sand, and its maintenance is highly recommended. Moreover, building exit routes should be marked and have automatic emergency lighting. The school’s efforts to reduce waste by reducing, reusing and recycling needs improvement and should be sustained.

College Campus Life – Extracurricular Activities and Student Services Offer More Than Academics

If you’re thinking about college-either because you’re a recent high school grad or an adult who hasn’t set foot in a school in twenty years-you’re probably focused on the curriculum. But there’s more to college than classrooms!

One advantage to attending a college or technical school, rather than taking a program online, is that you get to experience everything the campus has to offer. Most colleges offer a wide range of extracurricular activities for their students such as sports, worship, clubs, movies, publications, and more. They may also offer student services such as a health center, library, counseling, or a job center.

To get a preview of the activities offered by a college, university or technical school, go online to a reputable college directory website. Choose the schools that interest you. Click for more information and you’ll be contacted by an admissions representative. He or she will fill you in on all that the school has to offer. Remember that until you agree to enroll, there is no obligation for receiving information or even visiting the college campus.

Here are a few of the extracurricular activities and student services offered by colleges and career schools.

New Student Orientation: Many colleges make an effort to introduce new students to college life and make them feel comfortable. Often, the first activity that students participate in is orientation. This could be a simple meeting, an all-day seminar, or even an overnight event. Orientation programs are designed to encourage new students to meet and interact with academic deans, faculty advisors, student development staff, and fellow students. Students may also participate in placement testing and prepare for fall course selection. Often, there will be a social event such as a cookout or concert.

Student Counseling: College can be stressful, and many schools offer access to student counseling services. These services may include short-term counseling, crisis assistance, programming on issues relevant to college-aged students, and referrals to community support services.

Health Centers: Students often have access to a student health center, which may be staffed by a nurse or other healthcare professional. Typically, student health centers can assist with minor illnesses, reproductive issues, and general health questions. Services are often free for enrolled students.

Dining Services: Many colleges, especially those with residential facilities, offer a variety of dining opportunities. These may range from upscale dining halls for grad students to cafeterias and informal automated cafes. Some schools have “cyber cafes” where students can grab a snack and cruise the web. Generally, students can pay for meals and snacks using “points” from their prepaid student ID card.

Clubs and Social Groups: No, it doesn’t have to mean “Animal House”! Many schools have fraternities and sororities, and while some may be focused on partying, many are dedicated to creating a positive atmosphere of scholarship and community. There are also a huge variety of affinity groups-film clubs, gay and lesbian clubs, foreign culture clubs, religious groups, and clubs dedicated to sports and extracurricular activities. Many college students who participate in clubs form lifelong friendships.

College Government: Want to plunge into a leadership role? Run for student president! Members of student government often have regular input on college policy, and may oversee student clubs and organizations.

Athletics: No one needs to be reminded about the high visibility of college athletics. College athletes, especially basketball and football players, can be national stars on a par with professionals. But many colleges offer sports programs that are not as high-profile as basketball or football. Rewarding opportunities may include sports such as fencing, rowing (crew), volleyball, tennis, lacrosse, golf, or even kayaking.

Community Service: Many college students choose to spend some of their free time helping others in the community. Campus-based organizations might have connections to local soup kitchens or community groups. Some even send students to work in places that need assistance such as Haiti or post-Katrina New Orleans. Community service can be a great way to meet people and make a valuable contribution!

Externships: Many colleges and career schools offer externship opportunities. This simply means that while in school you work in a real-life job that relates to your major. For example, if you are enrolled in a bachelor of arts program in culinary arts, you may find yourself working for a semester in a restaurant in France. If you are in a film program, you may work in a film studio or a production facility with professional film crews.

How can you find out more about what colleges have to offer? The fastest way to get info is to go online to a reputable college directory. You can search for colleges using keywords like “liberal arts” or “New York,” and review the selections that meet your criteria. Compare programs, flexible schedules, financial aid, and career services. Then get free information from your top five or six choices. Visit the colleges that interest you, and then apply. You’ll discover that college life can be fun and rewarding as well as educational!

Campus Common Sense – Tips on How to Be Safe on Campus

College brings more freedom and fewer restrictions than most students have experienced during their high school years. Newly minted undergraduates have a positive view of their fellow students and take for granted that they and their possessions are safe. Many college students are unaware of the consequences that might arise from certain social situations including dating and experimenting with drinking and drugs. Unfortunately this behavior can make them vulnerable to non-consensual sex and led to devastating events.

General Campus Safety

Students can do the most to reduce their risk of becoming a victim of theft or assault by remembering to lock their doors when they leave (even just to do their laundry), keeping valuables (laptops, ipods, etc) out of plain site, closing windows on the first floor and ensuring that anytime they access a secure building that they are aware of other individuals entering the building under their access card swipe.

Most college campuses are walker friendly if a few precautions are kept in mind:

Be aware of your surroundings and surrounding people.
Embrace the buddy system. If you are alone, call the campus escort service.
Walk in well-lit areas.
Don’t look like a victim – walk confidently, directly and at a steady pace.
Walk close to the curb, avoid alleys, bushes and doorways.
Don’t be afraid to make a scene – if you are in danger scream, yell, run, break a window to draw attention to your situation.

The Jeanne Clery Act is a federal law that mandates colleges and universities to disclose crime statistics for their campus and the public areas surrounding campus. They must disclose information on the security of and access to campus facilities, whether campus security personnel are unsworn security guards or police, and rights for victims in sexual assault cases. Importantly the law requires colleges to report campus crimes to the federal Office of Postsecondary Education in a timely fashion and notify students of threats. Click here to research the stats on a particular institution.

Many campuses set up text alert programs for their student population realizing this is the most effective way to communicate potential safety hazards to students in a timely manner. If a security concern is happening on campus the text messages keep the students informed on what to do until they receive an all-clear message. Check with your campus police or office of student safety to register for this important alert system.

Sexual Assault on Campus

Security on Campus, Inc., an advocacy group in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania has coined the phrase “red zone” which refers to the first six weeks of campus life. This group sees a 30% spike in calls from victims of alcohol abuse, hazing and sexual crimes. This six-week period is the most dangerous period of a student’s entire campus life.

One in four college age girls will be a victim of a rape or attempted rape. 90% of acquaintance rapes involve alcohol.

Precautions for women to take:

1.Watch your alcohol intake. 97,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are victims of alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape.
2.If you are drinking, watch your drink. Rapists use drugs as a weapon by slipping them into drinks, which takes away your ability to fight back.
3.Trust your instincts. If someone sets off your “creeper meter”, listen to it. You don’t have to be nice. Don’t worry about being polite to someone who is making you feel uncomfortable.

Taking these precautions will help reduce a female’s risk of sexual assault, but what really needs to happen is what is called bystander education. Similar to the “don’t let your friends drive drunk” campaign we need to get a similar awareness and intervention in social settings around young men who vocalize that they might intentionally take advantage of a young woman. Legally speaking if the victim did not agree to sex, it’s rape regardless of the circumstances.

If you are a victim of rape get to a safe place. Run to a public place or knock on someone’s door. Call friends to pick you up or go to the police station. Don’t feel embarrassed or ashamed. It is important to tell someone what happened to you. Talk to the police or a crisis counselor (most campuses have a 24 hour crisis line). Get medical attention to detect injuries and test for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Evidence can be collected if you choose to take legal action. There is no set formula for recovery after such an extremely traumatic experience. Seek counseling to help you through the healing process.

Alcohol Abuse on Campus

1,825 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, including motor vehicle crashes annually. 31% of college students met criteria for a diagnosis of alcohol abuse and 6% for a diagnosis of alcohol dependence according to self-reporting questionnaires about drinking habits (Knight et al., 2002). Click here for a list of other high-risk college drinking consequences.

Excessive drinking can be very hazardous to your health. Bing drinking, often times on a bet or a dare is especially dangerous because the victim can ingest a fatal dose before becoming unconscious. What should you do if you suspect alcohol poisoning? Be aware that a person who has passed out may die! Even after a person stops drinking the alcohol in the stomach continues to enter the bloodstream. You cannot assume that someone “sleeping it off” or passed out will be fine. Signs of alcohol poisoning include mental confusion, stupor, vomiting, seizures, irregular breathing and signs of hypothermia. Do not wait for all signs to be present to take action. If you suspect alcohol poisoning call 911 and get help.

College students are smart. Sometimes they need to be reminded. If you are on campus take stock of your actions, and if you are a parent gently remind your kids of the consequences of their behavior to their stuff, themselves and others.

Choosing Between Online and On-Campus Colleges

Choosing a college is perhaps one of the most significant decisions we can make in our lifetime-one that is likely to give shape to our professional life and have a long-term impact on our overall happiness. And now, with the increasing availability of distance learning and online degrees, the decision has become harder than ever before. For those on the brink of making a choice between an online degree program and an on-campus degree program, here’s a candid look at how the two compare with each other, to help ease the decision-making process so that it’s more stress-free for you.

Online vs. On-Campus Accreditation: This is perhaps the single most important factor when choosing between online degree programs and on-campus degrees. While accreditation is seldom a problem with well-established brick and mortar colleges, online degree programs don’t have it that easy, thanks to the diploma mills that masquerade as online colleges and sell fake degrees to those who are willing to pay. So if you choose to go to an online school, you have to be absolutely certain that it is accredited by a recognized accrediting agency. A tell-tale sign is whether they accept federal financial aid or not.

Delivery: When it comes to on-campus degrees, education is mainly delivered through classroom lectures. The education delivery system for online degree programs, on the other hand, is a lot more robust. Technological aids like video conferences, live web casts, online discussion boards, instant messaging, email, CD-ROMs, etc., are routinely used for delivering lessons to students. An advantage of delivering education this way is that it can provide more in-depth learning for students-plus, it can make students that much more technologically savvy, a quality that’s not going to go unnoticed by employers.

Schedule: On-campus degrees usually have a fixed schedule that students need to follow. Classes take place according to a timetable and you have to show up for them at that particular time. As opposed to this, online degree programs usually don’t have such rigid schedules. You are free to set your own schedule according to your convenience. No more worrying about skipping classes and missing out on important lessons because of an emergency.

Flexibility: The flexibility offered by online degree programs is simply unparalleled. Not only do you have the option to study at a time that’s convenient to you, but you can also set your own pace of learning and work on your lessons from anywhere. It’s because of this flexibility that many online students are able to successfully manage school simultaneously with full time jobs or personal commitments such as taking care of a baby or a sick loved one.

Interaction: Clearly the level of face-to-face interaction is a lot higher in on-campus programs. Classroom interaction, in its most traditional sense, is virtually absent in online education. Online students may also miss out on building the personal, face-to-face relationships that form such an important part of the overall college experience. So if you are big on participating in classroom discussions and real-time heated debates with your peers and professors; making lifelong friends over endless cups of coffee; and expanding your social network, then you should probably opt for an on-campus degree program.

Location: Location is an important criterion when selecting a brick and mortar school. Whether you want to be close to home or move to a far off state, enjoy the tranquility of a small town or get a taste of big city life, everything has to be factored in when choosing a school. But the world is at your feet when it comes to online schools. Because there are no physical classrooms to sit in, you can enroll for virtually any school in any part of the country or the globe.

Cost: While there may not be a lot of difference in the actual tuition and fees of on-campus and online degrees, an online degree program often turns out to be cheaper in the long run, with savings on associated costs like fuel, parking, books, accommodation, etc.